SDM Nuklir
asian games

Experimental Power Reactor

EPR or experimental power reactor is a nuclear reactor that can be used to generate electricity, heat and to produce hydrogen

 

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jokowi

President Jokowi Visited BATAN's Reactor at Serpong

President Jokowi visited the center for multi purpose reactor located at BATAN's Serpong nuclear area

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HUT RI
SDM Nuklir BATAN

Collaborating Centre – A recognition from IAEA

BATAN was appointed by the IAEA as an IAEA Collaborating Centre

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Tomo Graphy

Safety and Security

Working with radioactive material requires a high safety and security culture. BATAN has implemented the nuclear safety and security culture accordance with national and international regulations.

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Persembahan BATAN
Reaktor Triga

The infertile Insect Technique (TSM) is a method of controlling the vector which is environmentally friendly, effective, and potential. This technique is also mentioned as a control for specific species, which is killinjg the vector by the vector itself (autocidal technique). The technique working method is relatively easy, by irradiating a colony of male insects in the laboratory, then releasing it into the habitat periodically. Due to the release of the insect into the habitat, after some while in the location of the release there will be a decline in the population, which automatically will reduce the number dengue fever patients, because the possibility of mating between the infertile insect and the fertile insect becomes greater from the first generation to the following generation. The effect would be that the fertility of the insect population in the field would keep declining, theoretically in the 4th generation the fertility would reach the lowest point becoming 0% or in other words the number of population of the insect in the 5th generation would be zero/nil.

The release of TSM on Aedes in Italy currently only needs 900 mosquitoes every week for a land area of 10 hectares. The TSM concept experimentally in the field has been proven through the achievement of the eradication of the Aedes in Italy. The TSM project was also conducted to the livestock fly Cochliomyia hominivorax Coq. in the Island of  Curacao in the United States of America in the year 1958-1959, which has cost an amount of US $ 10 Million. The impact of achievement of the program is the saving of control cost of US $ 140 Million. On the dates 25 – 28 June 2007, IAEA conducted a consultancy meeting which specifically discussed the use of TSM in control of Aedes, the meeting was attended by participants from the United States of America, Britain, France, Italy, Indonesia, and Myanmar. The forum requested that the TSM control project on Aedes to be conducted in Indonesia, specifically in one of the island of the Thousand Islands.

According to LA CHANCE (1979) one of the requirements of TSM is the capability to breed massively in the laboratory at a cheap cost. Incidently Aedes aegypti is a mosquito which is heterozygote and very easy to raise in the laboratory. Based on the calculation of the feed in raising mosquitoes in the laboratory, if calculated based on the feed cost which is used, in this case the Pedigree per one mosquito is about Rp 1,- (one Rupiah).

The results of research show that the dose of 70 Gy has the lowest competitive mating value, which is 0.31. This means that if we release infertile mosquitoes into the filed a minimum of 8 times of the field population or according to the principles which is valid usually about 9 times (KNIPLING, 1967). With the release of the infertile mosquitoes like this, the capability in competing with natural mosquitoes is in a balance or in fact more competitive, considering that the quality of laboratory mosquitoes are better  that natural mosquitoes which the larva stadium lacks nutrition. In this case the dose of 65 Gy also could be used as a control because the level of sterility is still high and the competition in mating is better.

Currently the use of TSM in controlling the vector of the Dengue fever disease has come to the pilot project test and is expected at the end of next year to be able to be certified as a vector control system which is reliable, because the pilot project test is worked on together with the Vector R&D Office and Disease reservoir of the Ministry of Health which is located in Salatiga, Central Java.  In the previous year of 2009, TSM for Dengue Fever has obtained an award as one of the research innovations which is most prospective from the Minister of Research and Technology. (Ali Rahayu, PATIR BATAN)